Jessica DeBold acted as a presentation speaker and panelist for the Loyola Student Peace Conference in the Spring of 2014 and 2013.
The Loyola Student Peace Conference consists of, “a series of interactive lectures, concerts, dances, film screenings and more designed to keep student at Loyola University in New Orleans talking about hope, renewal and global peace. There is also an academic component to the conference as students are presenting papers or projects on the subject of peace.” (via the Loyola University website)
The Sixth Annual Student Peace Conference
Jessica spent her 2013 summer in Cairo, Egypt with a team of interns, German University and U.N. Women. She did research and conducted interviews regarding violence, gender discrimination, sexual assault and harassment against women in Egypt. Jessica and her team consulted solutions to the problems successfully executed in their native countries and in theorized solutions to the problems women face in Egypt.
Jessica presented her research about violence against women on Wednesday, April 2, 2014.
Violence Against Women in Modern Egypt
The following is an excerpt from Jessica’s research paper:
[Full PDF file: Violence Against Women in Modern Egypt]
Violence against women is the most pervasive yet under-recognized human rights violation in the world. Within Egyptian society there are many different reasons for violence against women, all of which are deeply embedded into the social mentality, the political agendas of leaders and the legal rights of families and victims of abuse.
A 2001 report on honor crimes in Egypt said that 79% of honor crimes are murders of a female suspected of sexual behavior. 9% of these female murders are due to adultery, 6% of murders are to hide incest. 41% of the perpetrators are the victim’s husbands while 34% of the perpetrators are the victim’s father, 18% of the perpetrators are brothers and 7% are other relatives.
Female Genital Mutilation is practiced in only 4 countries within the Middle East including Egypt, Yemen, Sudan and Djibouti. A 2001 study showed that 97% of ever-married women have undergone FGM in Egypt. Circumcised women have been found more likely to support the continuation of circumcision of their daughters and to accept the right of husband’s to beat their wives. This is due to lack of education and understanding the dangers of FGM, which is in fact the leading cause of death for teenage girls in Egypt.
In 1994 a study on the marriage contracts in upper Egypt found that 44% of females are only 16 years of age when entering a marriage arranged by families while 68% of females are only 18 years of age.
In 2007 UN Women estimated that within the first half of the year, nearly 250 women in Egypt were killed by violent husbands/ other family members. Violence against women can be particularly acute in conflict settings. Rape has been used as a weapon of war and revolution in many countries such as Yugoslavia, Rwanda, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Uganda. Women in refugee settings and large crowds with many men from different backgrounds are present, are especially at risk for abuse.
Egypt’s women have been marginalized and largely excluded from public life, including from positions in government, law-making bodies and the judiciary. There are different types of violence that women experience in Egyptian society. On the streets, women protesters have faced sexual and gender-based violence from the army and security forces as well as attacks from unidentified groups of men. The authorities have taken no steps to ensure that women are able to participate equally in shaping the new Egypt.
Special thanks to:
GUC project leader
UN Egypt GUC student activist
GUC project leader
University of Edinburgh in Scotland
Our Lady of the Rosary University in Columbia
Università Ca’ Foscari
Università Ca’ Foscari
Universidad del Norte, Colombia
University of Amsterdam
Arisbeth Tapia National
International University in Mexico City
The Fifth Annual Student Peace Conference
Jessica researched the use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles — drones — by the U.S. overseas and presented her findings during a Law and Ethics panel on Monday, April 8, 2013.
The Ethics of Drone Warfare
Peace Conference Presentation DeBold